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5.1: Energie, Materie und Enzyme - Biologie

Learning ObjectivesDefine and describe metabolismCompare and contrast autotrophs and heterotrophsDescribe the importance of oxidation-reduction reactions in metabolismDescribe why ATP, FAD, NAD+, and NADP+ are important in a cellDifferentiate between substrate-level and oxidative phosphorylationIdentify the structure and structural components of an enzyme and the roles of substrates and products in a reactionThe term used to describe all of the chemical reactions inside a cell is metabolism (Figure (PageIndex 1 )).
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28.3A: Superphylum Lophotrochozoa - Biologie

The Lophotrochozoa are protostomes possessing a blastopore, an early form of a mouth; they include the trochozoans and the lophophorata.Learning ObjectivesDescribe the phylogenetic position and basic features of lophotrochozoaKey PointsLophotrochozoa have a blastopore, which is an involution of the ectoderm that forms a rudimentary mouth opening to the alimentary canal, a condition called protostomy or “first mouth”.
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